Asexual

From LGBTQIA
(Redirected from Aceflux)
Asexual
Asexual.png

Orientation: Sexual
Prefix: A-
Main Umbrella: Aspec


Asexual (commonly shortened to ace) is an orientation defined by experiencing little to no sexual attraction, the prefix a- meaning not or lack of in Greek.[1][2] The asexual spectrum (often shorted to ace-spec or acespec) is an umbrella term for all asexual identities, or a term used by individuals who do not wish to identify themselves with any particular asexual microlabel.[3]

Being asexual does not mean that one is unable to experience romantic attraction or any other type of attractions. An asexual individual can have any romantic orientation. They may identify with a romantic orientation in addition to the label of asexual to specify who they're interested in romantically, if anyone.[4][2] For example, a heteromantic asexual individual is romantically attracted to individuals of a different gender, but is not sexually attracted to any gender. Some asexual individuals are also aromantic (aroace), meaning they experience neither sexual nor romantic attraction.

Sexual dispositions among asexual individuals can vary. Some asexual individuals may still masturbate or have or seek sexual relationship(s) despite not feeling sexual attraction to anyone (cupiosexual).[5] This could be for many reasons, such as for their own pleasure, their partner's pleasure, desire for self exploration, or feeling that one's attraction is not an important aspect to partaking in their sexual relationship(s). Other asexual individuals may be repulsed by the concept of sexuality. Terms like sex-repulsed, sex-indifferent, sex-favorable, or sex-ambivalent are commonly used to describe these attitudes.

A common misconception is that all asexual individuals are either celibates or practicing abstinence. Those who are abstinent or celibate are not necessarily asexual; they may still experience sexual attraction but choose not to act on it, typically for moral or religious reasons.[6]

History

Early uses of the term asexual for human sexuality predate the formation of the asexual community. One of the first (indirect) references to asexuality was in 1896 by physician Magnus Hirschfeld, in his book Sappho und Sokrates where he states "There are individuals who are without any sexual desire ('Anästhesia sexualis')."[7] In 1948 and 1953 Dr. Alfred Kinsey added a category X to the Kinsey Scale, indicating those with "no socio-sexual contacts or reactions.”[8][9]

In a study published in 1983, Paula Nurius examined the relationship between mental health and sexual orientation. The study focused on heterosexuality and homosexuality but also included bisexual and asexual as options.[10]

The contemporary asexual community originated once the internet enabled small, geographically-dispersed demographics to connect with each other. The earliest asexual proto-community formed in the comments of a 1997 article by Zoe O'Reilly and published by StarNet Dispatches, entitled My Life as a Human Amoeba.[11] On October 12, 2000, the Yahoo e-mail group Haven for the Human Amoeba (HHA) was founded.[12] The following year, David Jay created the Asexual Visibility and Education Network (AVEN).[13] On LiveJournal, an asexuality community was founded in 2002.[14]

Over the years, asexuality has been defined in a variety of different ways by different individuals. One of the most popular definitions emphasizes attraction, but there have also been those that emphasize a lack of sex drive or desire.[15][16]

Low Sexual Interest in the DSM

The DSM-5 and ICD-10 currently define low sexual desire as a disorder. The diagnosis has gone under several name changes, the current names being:

  • DSM-5 — Female sexual interest/arousal disorder, Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder
  • ICD-10 — Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD)

In 2013, the DSM-5 was published. Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder and Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder remain listed as disorders, but their criteria exclude individuals who self-identify as asexual.[17]

Related Terms

Label Relationship Description Difference
Allosexual Opposite An individual that experiences sexual attraction. Asexual individuals rarely or never experience sexual attraction.
Aplatonic Counterpart An individual that experiences little to no platonic attraction. Aplatonic is the platonic counterpart to asexual.
Aroace Similar An individual that experiences little to no romantic nor sexual attraction. Aroace includes aromantic.
Aromantic Counterpart An individual that experiences little to no romantic attraction. Aromantic is the romantic counterpart to asexual.
Non-libidoist Similar An individual without an active sex drive (libido).[18] Not all asexual individuals lack an active sex drive.

Subterms

Label Prefixes / Suffixes Flag Description Creator(s)
Rat Ace Rat RatAce.png[19] An asexual individual who prefers cuddles, hugs, kisses, and other affectionate and sensual non-sexual acts over sexual acts.[19] PhoeniXXTalon

Prefixes and Suffixes

Label Prefix / Suffix Flag Description Creator(s)
Acefog -fog Acefog.png[20] An individual that knows they are asexual but are unsure if one experiences sexual attraction as a result of neurodiversity.[20] emostiims
Aceflexible -flexible [21]

[22]

[23]

An individual who rarely experiences sexual attraction (also see greysexual).[24][25][26] Seeking, R_1, PennedWriterz, The Bigender Cosmonaut
Aceflexible (alt) / Flexible Asexual -flexible / flexible An asexual individual who is open to the idea of sexual acts or relationships (also see cupiosexual).[27][25]
Acefluid (alike arofluid) -fluid Acefluid.jpg[28]

Acefluid raydudepridehoard.png[29]

Acefluid Mxthet.png[30]

Fluid between acespec orientations, such as identifying as fraysexual, to identifying as demisexual.[31] Unknown, Pride-Flags, RayDudePrideHoard, Mxthet
Acefluid (new) An individual who has a specific orientation that is fluid between one's orientation types, temporarily replacing one's aspec orientations. For example, aromantic homosexual, to homoromantic asexual, noting that a specific type of orientation (homo- in this example) temporarily replaces one's asexuality, aromanticity, or other aspec tertiary orientation. The non-paraphrased definition is "when your attraction flows from asexual, to aromantic to another with core feelings the same".[32][33]
Acefluid (original) Synonymous with aceflux (see above).[34]
Acefluix -fluix [35] Both aceflux and acefluid.[35] Kau
Aceflux -flux Aceflux.png[36] Fluctuating between feeling sexual attraction and lacking sexual attraction.[37] Unknown, ngc2068
Acejump -jump Acejump.png[38] Normally allosexual, but occasionally experiencing sudden and intense periods of asexuality.[38] luigis-mogai-mansion
Acemid -mid Acemid.png[39] Strictly asexual but partially aromantic.[39] star-allos
Acespike -spike Acespike.png[40] Normally asexual, but occasionally experiencing sudden and intense sexual attraction for a short period of time.[40] Cyzu, Unknown
Acevague -vague Acevague.png[41] Asexuality partially influenced by one's neurodivergence.[41] transboy-lou
Acevoid -void Acevoid.jpg[42] Experiences neutral or no feelings towards one's own orientations except one's asexuality.[42] aromagpie

Flags and Symbols

In the summer of 2010, AVEN and several other asexual websites held a contest to design an asexual flag. The current asexual flag was designed by the AVEN user Standup and was uploaded on June 30th, 2010.[43] The colours were chosen based on the colours of the AVEN triangle. The black stripe represents asexual individuals, grey representing greyasexual and demisexual individuals, white representing allosexual partners and allies, and purple representing community.[44] Some pride flags that represent forms of asexuality use these colors.

A common symbol is an ace playing card, due to the fact that asexual is often shortened to ace. Generally the ace of hearts is used to represent asexual individuals who feel romantic attraction. The ace of spades can be used to represent aromantic asexual individuals, or is sometimes used as an umbrella symbol for all asexual and ace-spec individuals. The ace of diamonds and the ace of clubs are less commonly seen. The ace of diamonds is most commonly associated with demisexual and sometimes greyasexual individuals as well. The ace of clubs is commonly associated with greyasexual individuals, but also sometimes is used for individuals who are questioning where they fall on the asexual spectrum.

Wearing a black ring on the middle finger, typically of the right hand, known as an ace ring, has become a way to subtly identify the wearer as being asexual. The origin of the black ring began in a thread from 2005. The material and exact design of the ring are not important as long as it is primarily black.[45][46]

Cake has been an informal symbol of asexuality since 2004, originating from the AVEN forums cake emote and the joke that asexual individuals "prefer eating cake to having sex".[47] Dragons have also been used to symbolize asexuality, stemming from a joke that "asexual individuals are way more interested in dragons than in sex" it is also a reference to Charlie Weasley from Harry Potter, who was described as being "...more interested in dragons than relationships and all that stuff" causing many individuals to headcanon him as asexual.[48]

An older asexual symbol is the AVEN triangle, which used a black-to-white gradient to represent the asexual spectrum, with white representing allosexuality and black representing asexuality.[49] This gradient is what inspired the white, grey, and black stripes of the asexual flag.

The asexual symbol is characteristized by a hollow circle, which may have some semblance to the asexual black ring.[50][45][46]

An acespec flag was created by sude.the.acespec, featuring the same colors as the current popular asexual flag.[51]

An acespec flag was created by theflagarchive. Dark blue represents the community, it’s history, and solidarity. Purple represents asexuality of all kinds. Red represents self determination, pride in one's identity, and ascceptance of one's own and others’ asexuality. Cream represents diversity in experiences and types of attraction.[52]

Resources

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  2. 2.0 2.1 Ferguson, Sian. "What Does It Mean to Be Asexual?". Healthline, 17 Nov, 2021, https://www.healthline.com/health/what-is-asexual.
  3. King, Tatyannah. "What Is the Asexual Spectrum?". Cosmopolitan, 2 Sep, 2022, https://www.cosmopolitan.com/sex-love/a41058910/what-is-asexual-spectrum/.
  4. Levens, Ali. "The SAM: Splitting the Difference Between Romantic and Sexual Orientations". Pepperdine Graphic, 3 May, 2020, https://pepperdine-graphic.com/the-sam-splitting-the-difference-between-romantic-and-sexual-orientations/.
  5. Howard, Madeline. "What It Means To Be Aromantic, According To Relationship Experts & Aromantics". Women's Health, 26 Apr, 2022, https://www.womenshealthmag.com/relationships/a26116061/aromantic-definition-sexuality-meaning/.
  6. "12 FAQs About Celibacy". Healthline, 28 Mar, 2022, https://www.healthline.com/health/healthy-sex/celibacy#overview.
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  8. Kinsey, Alfred C. (1948). Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. W.B. Saunders. ISBN 0-253-33412-8
  9. Kinsey, Alfred C. (1953). Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. W. B. Saunders ISBN 025333411X
  10. Nurius, Paula. (1983). "Mental Health Implications of Sexual Orientation" The Journal of Sex Research 19 (2) pp.119-136.
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  20. 20.0 20.1 emostiims. "Acefog". Tumblr, 18 Feb, 2021, https://archive.md/2022.01.20-163744/https://emostiims.tumblr.com/post/643480202473799680/acefog-where-one-knows-that-they-are-acespec. Archived on 14 Feb, 2022.
  21. PennedWriterz. "Aceflexible". LGBTQIA+ Wiki, 25 Nov, 2021, https://www.lgbtqia.wiki/wiki/Aceflexible.
  22. PennedWriterz. "Aceflexible". LGBTQIA+ Wiki, 26 Nov, 2021, https://www.lgbtqia.wiki/wiki/Aceflexible.
  23. Tbc2021 / The Bigender Cosmonaut.. "Aceflexible". LGBTQIA+ Wiki, Uploaded by PennedWriterz, 27 Nov, 2021, https://www.lgbtqia.wiki/wiki/Aceflexible.
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  26. Star Bit. "Gray-sexual and Gray-asexual need to be two different terms?". The AVEN, 21 Mar, 2016, https://archive.md/2022.02.14-050406/https://www.asexuality.org/en/topic/135841-gray-sexual-and-gray-asexual-need-to-be-two-different-terms/.
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  47. "Cake". The AVEN, 10 Nov, 2019, https://web.archive.org/web/20221017162430/http://wiki.asexuality.org/Cake.
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